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IPM Modules
Synthesis and validation of IPM modules
Validation and promotion of location specific IPM module in rice based cropping system
  • IPM module for Basmati rice was validated in village Bambawad, Guatam Budh Nagar, Uttar Pradesh in 40 ha area during 2010-13. Efforts were made to promote validated IPM module in Basmati rice (Pusa Basmati 1121) around village Bambawad in district Gautam Budh Nagar, UP  by organizing Farmers’ Field Schools (FFSs) which resulted in its horizontal spread in 990.40 ha in a cluster of 42 villages by participation of 654 farmers. Incidence/population of major insect pests [YSB, leaf folder (LF) and brown plant hopper (BPH)] and diseases [Sheath blight, bacterial leaf blight (BLB) and bakanae] remained significantly low in IPM as compared to farmers’ practice (FP). IPM interventions led to conserve the natural enemies especially spiders, 3.39 adults/hill in IPM as compared to 1.76 adults/hill in FP. No. of chemical sprays were reduced to 0.2 spray (a.i. 28.2 g/ha) in IPM against 2 sprays (a.i. 79.87 g/ha) in
  • IPM module was also synthesised and validated in 60 ha at Laxar, Haridwar, Uttrakhand in Basmati rice . At Laksar, no. of chemical sprays were reduced to 2.0 (a.i. 347.5 g/ha) as compared to 5.8 sprays (a.i. 1870 g/ha) in FP.
  • On-Farm validation and demonstration of IPM modules were also carried out in semi-deep water rice (Varshadhan variety) and upland rice in 20 ha and 25 ha at Santoshpur,  Balasore, Odisha and Harem Hazaribag, Jharkhand respectively.
rice field
Large scale implementation of IPM module for basmati rice in farmers’ participatory mode
  • IPM module developed by the institute was implemented on large scale in basmati rice in farmers’ participatory mode under a consultancy project with M/S Tilda Hain India Pvt Ltd.
  • IPM module was implemented in 15623 ha of Basmati rice (Pusa Basmati-1) in Jind, Kaithal, Kurukshetra, Yamunanagar and Panipat districts of Haryana and Fateh Garh Sahib and Patiala districts of Punjab, by participation of 2462 farmers in 396 villages during kharif 2019.
    IPM coverage in Haryana, Punjab, UP & Uttarakhand: 18000 ha (approx.)
Synthesis, validation and promotion of pest management strategy in Bt cotton for central zone (2022-26)
  • Validation and promotion of cotton IPM with major emphasis on pink bollworm was conducted during Kharif 2022 at Chichgohan, Bherukheda and Bamjhar villages of Khandwa (MP) in 20 ha area covering 26 farm families.
  • IPM recorded the lower green boll damage (7.82%) as compared to FP (16.50%) with higher population of beneficial insects viz. spiders, lady bird beetle and green lacewing as compared to FP. Seed cotton yield was also higher in IPM fields (9.25q/ha) compared to FP (5.80 q/ha).
  • IPM in cotton has been horizontally disseminated in cluster of 20 villages covering >3000 ha area and >2500 farmers of Jalna and Badnapur block of Jalna district of Maharashtra. The adoption of IPM in the cluster of villages resulted in higher yield in IPM field (19.50q/ha) as compared to FP (17.33q/ha) with a significant reduction in application of pesticides (>50%) over FP.
 cotton field
Validation, refinement & promotion of IPM in cotton in North zone of India (2021-24)
  • IPM in Cotton was synthesized & validated during Kharif 2022 in 100 acre area in Behnichanderpal village of Rohtak, Haryana in farmers’-participatory mode.
  • Boll rot was found as major biotic stress. Need based spray of streptocycline @1 g + copper oxychloride 50% WP @ 25 g in 10 litre of water was done to successfully manage the disease. For pink bollworm management SPLAT technique was introduced and validated.
  • IPM implementation resulted in 27.6 % reduction in chemical pesticide sprays and 30.6 % increase in benefit-cost ratio as compared to FP. The adoption of IPM in the cluster of villages resulted in higher yield in IPM field (18.50 q/ha) as compared to FP (14.5 q/ha).
Development, validation and promotion of cotton IPM with major emphasis on pink bollworm (2018-22)
  • Validation and promotion of cotton IPM with major emphasis on pink bollworm in Wakhari village of (Maharashtra) conducted over 80 ha area covering 83 farm families resulted in 49.2% reduction in number of insecticidal sprays against FP.
  • Seed cotton yield was significantly higher in IPM (18.74 q/ha) compared to FP (15.1 q/ha) with higher benefit cost ratio in IPM (3.96) compared to FP (2.97).
  • Horizontal spread of cotton IPM was also undertaken in 2208 ha across 15 adjoining villages of Jalna district, which resulted in significantly increased yield and reduction in pesticide application.
Validation and promotion of IPM in cotton based cropping system in kinnow growing region (2017-2020)
  • Validated cotton IPM technology in farmers’ participatory mode in approx 120 ha area in whitefly hot spot in North Zone during 2019.
  • Implementation of IPM resulted in reduction of no. of pesticide applications, active ingredient by 87.37% and pesticides cost by 43.58% in IPM as compared to FP. Implementation of IPM also resulted in increase of yield by 43.88% and net return by 99.92%, with high benefit cost ratio as compared to FP.
  • Implementation of IPM also resulted in increase of natural enemies (predators) population by >276 % (0.79/plant in IPM and 0.21/plant in FP) as compared to FP.
  • Successfully managed ClCuD affected cotton fields by the foliar application of potassium nitrate (NPK 13.0.45 @ 2%) at weekly interval and obtained normal seed cotton yield.
Accelerated Pulses Production programme (A3P) under NFSM
  • The farmer participatory IPM strategies were implemented in chickpea crop, covering 65 ha area in six villages Tejpura, Chokari, Ragauli, Rura-addu, Satraju and Gadgaon with collaboration of KVK Jhansi and KVK Jalaun (BUAT, Banda, UP) during 2018-2022. Successful pest management achieved considerable more gross return, with the B:C ratio of 2.10 in IPM and 1.80 in FP fields.
  • Likewise IPM programme was carried out in blackgram and greengram crops, covering 240 ha area at both the KVKs during Kharif season (2020-2022) in four villages, Birgua, Mavai, Gandhinagar and Bawaltada at KVK Jhansi and four villages, Ragauli, Rura-addu, Satraju and Gadgaon at KVK Jalaun. Relatively in blackgram field, IPM achieved more gross return with the B:C ratio of 2.06 over 1.61 in FP fields. As well, more return was also obtained in greengram IPM fields viz., B:C ratio of 2:10 in IPM and 1.65 FP fields.
  • Presently two IPM programmes are going on for the fieldpea and pigeonpea crops, covering area 42 and 15 ha at the KVK Jalaun and KVK Kausambhi (UP) respectively. Reduction in pest and disease incidences in the crops, farmers got handsome returns and likely the programmes will be extended in large area of the crops.
  • Regular visit, crop monitoring and telephonic conversation on pest management pulse growers could get an opportunity to understand the IPM strategies and their impact on pest management.
  pulse field
Oilseed crops
Synthesis and validation of location specific eco-friendly IPM technology for groundnut crop for different agro-eco-systems
  • Location specific eco-friendly IPM technology was validated for groundnut crop in Junagarh, Gujarat and Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh in farmers’ participatory mode.
  • Pod yield was 9.09 q/ha in IPM as compared to 8.63 q/ha in FP in Ananatapur, Andhra Pradesh.
Development and Validation prioritized component-wise integrated pest management package in Indian mustard
  • Mustard IPM package including microbial, botanical and chemical pesticide was evaluated at three locations (Rajpur Khurd, New Delhi, IARI, New Delhi and RARI, Durgapura, Jaipur) for mitigation of crop stresses and to obtain accurate assessments for seed yields and economic benefits.
  • Soil augmentation as well as seed treatment with Trichoderma strains and spray of thiamethoxam was found better than control in reducing the aphids & white rust disease and increasing the yield.
  • While validating the component-wise IPM package for mustard, seed treatment with garlic extract (2% w/v) proved the most viable technology in terms of returns.
  • Each additional rupee invested in adoption of IPM mustard technology gave INR 5.1 in return thus giving good economic logic for adoption of this technology.
  • Mustard IPM was included in Package of Practices for Zone IIIa (Jaipur, Ajmer, Tonk and Dausa) of Rajasthan by SDA, Rajasthan, during ZREAC meeting of Rabi, 2017-18 and now widely adopted by the intended users.
  • Large scale validation of IPM package along with crop growth stage was made in Mohindergarh (Haryana) and Alwar (Rajasthan) district in 60 ha during 2014-17.
Implementation of IPM technology in mustard based-cropping system
  • Experiments were conducted at RRS, Bawal, Rewari, Haryana and KVK, Navgaon, Alwar, Rajasthan for synthesis and validation of IPM in Mustard during 2017-19.
  • Large-scale implementation of validated IPM in mustard was carried out in farmers’ participatory mode in 20 ha area in village Kabalana, Jhajjar and Mohmadpur, Alwar during 2018-19. Key pests were broomrape, Sclerotinia rot, white rust, mustard aphid, painted bug and Alternaria blight. IPM technology of mustard performed better than FP.
  • While validating the component-wise IPM package for mustard, seed treatment with garlic extract (2% w/v) proved the most viable technology in terms of returns.
Horticultural crops
Validation and promotion of sustainable and adaptable IPM technology in horticultural crops
Bitter Gourd
  • IPM module for bitter gourd was validated in more than 40 ha area in Karnal, Haryana and 12 ha area in villages Mahagoan and Basartpur, Varanashi, Uttar Pradesh.
  • Implementation of IPM resulted in lesser number of chemical sprays 5.5 in IPM as compared to 8.5 in FP and an increased yield of 187.4 q/ha in IPM in karnal and reduction in number of chemical sprays to 7 and increase in yield 187 q/ ha in Varanasi.
  • Developed and validated IPM technology for cucumber crop in 40 ha area of District Karnal (Haryana). Implementation of IPM technology resulted in reduction of number of chemical sprays to 5.0 in IPM as against 12.0 in FP and higher yields 252.8 q/ha in IPM fields as as compared to yield 244.0 q/ha obtained in FP. Cymoxanil 8% + mancozeb 64 % (Curzet 72 WP) was effective in managing downy mildew in cucumber.
Bottle Gourd
  • Successfully demonstrated IPM technology for bottle gourd crop in 60 ha area in District Karnal (Haryana). Implementation of IPM technology resulted in increasing the bottle gourd yields to 38.82 t/ha compared to 24.3 t/ha observed in farmers’ fields. CBR in bottle gourd was high 1:3.87 than 1:2.40 obtained by farmers who did not follow IPM. Red pumpkin beetle was very well managed by using neem oil 0.15% (1500 ppm) with sticker.
  • Integrated Management of fruit fly successfully undertaken in more >1000 acres area in Haryana. Large area adoption for integrated management of fruit flies made IPM more and more acceptable and adoptable by farmers thereby fast increasing the spread and percolation of IPM technologies in Haryana. Training of farmers entailed increased levels of knowledge base for the adopted farming families.
  • IPM technology for bulb onion crop was validated in 10 ha area in village Wadgaon Sahani in Rabi and Khairewad in Kharif of district Pune, Maharashtra. IPM technology in onion was also validated in village Singoha-Rambha of Karnal district.
  • Implementation of IPM resulted in reduction of chemical pesticide sprays from 10.0 to 3.0 with higher CBR of 1:1.9 in IPM during Rabi and Kharif. Implementation of IPM technology resulted in marginal increase in yield.
  • Growing organic onion (non-chemical) resulted in reduced yields/production of onion crop in Karnal, Haryana.
Bell Pepper
  • Demonstration of IPM in bell pepper carried out on an area of 54 ha in Karnal, Haryana. Implementation of IPM resulted in increased yield 362 q/ha in IPM as compared to from 113.1 q/ha in FP. Cost-Benefit Ratio (CBR) was exceptionally high 1:4.63 in IPM than 1:2.12 in FP.
Development and validation of IPM strategies for mandarin orchards
  • IPM modules comprising need based application of bio pesticides and reduced risk pesticides; scouting and monitoring of the pests; adoption of better cultural practices and mechanical methods of pest management was validaed at Panjkosi village, Fazilika, Punjab and Citrus Research Station, Tinsukia, Assam.
  • Implementation of IPM resulted in increased fruit yield 272 q/ha in Fazilka, Punjab and 131.8 kg/tree in Tinsukia, Assam.
    Focus was on management of Phytophthora, Greening disease and sucking pests.
Protected cultivation and biocontrol
Validation and Promotion of Bio-intensive IPM under Protected Cultivation System
  • Multi-location promotion of IPM technology for protected cultivation system through a network approach. Research activities are going on at two locations i.e. capsicum at village – Manoli District – Sonepat (Haryana) and cucumber at village – Baseri, District – Jaipur (Rajasthan).
  • IPM technology reduces seedling mortality of cucumber and bell pepper (Capsicum) up to 1.3 and 6.3% compared to 8.3 and 21.6% respectively under farmer’s practices (FP).
  • IPM technology reduces the population of root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita up to 91.1% in cucumber compared to FP where an increase of up to 49.4% was recorded. In the case of Capsicum, the population of the root-knot nematode was kept under economic thresh hold level i.e. 1J2/g soil.
  • Significant reduction in insect pest (white fly, thrips, aphids, mites and cutworm) population was also recorded under IPM compared to FP. An 80 and 48.6% reduction in chemical pesticide spray was recorded under IPM in cucumber and capsicum respectively as compared to FP. Likewise disease intensity caused by damping off, wilt fungus, mildews, fruit rot and leaf curl mosaic virus was recorded greater in FP compared to IPM.
  • As per yield and benefit –cost ratio is concerned, an increase of 38 and 43% was recorded in cucumber and capsicum respectively over FP. The cost - benefit ratio under IPM was recorded up to 3.74 and 4.50 respectively in cucumber and capsicum as compared to FP where up to 1.96 and 2.7 respectively in cucumber and capsicum.
Development and validation of innovative IPM tools and techniques
  • IPM gadgets for insect pest management viz. 'Light trap for managing insects' was further refined and standardized.
  • The improved insect light trap was demonstrated in Paddy, sugarcane, mango, Ber, Tomato, Chickpea, sorghum crops in farmers’ participatory mode in different locations.
  • Five patents (three national and two International) for IPM gadgets have been granted to ICAR-NCIPM.
 light trap
Development and promotion of technologies for on-farm mass production of bio-pesticides
  • A specific and selective culture medium was developed for T. harzianum.
  • Grain (flour) based culture medium was developed for mass multiplication of different bacteria such as Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus thuringiensis, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Azotobacter sp., Rhizobium sp. and Azospirillum sp.
  • Liquid formulation in form of small ampules of Trichoderma sp. and different bacteria have been developed to provide as mother culture for mass production.
  • Biogels of different microbes were developed, with high density of CFU (2.0 x 10^12).
  • Shelf life of T. harzianum in ampules was recorded up to 11 months, which was 2 x 10^9.
  • Twenty four FFSs were organized to demonstrate the procedure of “On farm mass-production of microbial bio-agents” and thus 46 farmers were able to mass produce bio-agents using our technology. Around 1300 ampules have been distributed among farmers and NGO workers.
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